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Acne is not always caused by just one thing. It is a “multifactorial skin problem,” which means that many factors can contribute to it. Different people can have different types of acne, depending on what triggers it for them. This is why one person’s acne may look very different from another person’s.
Here, we’ll discuss the different types of acne and their characteristics:
Whiteheads are a type of acne that can occur when the pores of your skin become clogged with sebum, dead skin cells, or both. The clogged-up pore may swell and become irritated, resulting in a small, white bump called a whitehead.
Whiteheads are a common skin concern, especially during puberty when hormone levels fluctuate. However, they can occur at any age.
Whiteheads are caused by the same things that cause other types of acne: excess sebum production, dead skin cell build-up, and bacteria.
Blackheads are acne that can be very difficult to get rid of. Small, dark spots appear on the skin, usually on the face. Blackheads are caused by a build-up of oil and dead skin cells in the pores of the skin. When the pores become clogged, they can turn into blackheads.
There are several over-the-counter treatments that can help to get rid of blackheads. These include:
- Benzoyl peroxide
- Salicylic acid
- Home remedies
If home remedies and over-the-counter treatments that you’ve tried aren’t effective, you may need to see a dermatologist for professional treatment.
Pustules are small, raised bumps on the skin filled with pus. They can occur on any part of the body but are most common on the face, chest, and back. Pustules are often mistaken for acne, but they are a different skin condition.
A build-up of oil and bacteria causes pustules in the pores of the skin. The bacteria can grow and cause an infection when the pores become blocked. The body then responds to the infection by sending white blood cells to the area. These white blood cells cause the pus that is seen in pustules.
Pustules can be painful and uncomfortable. They can also lead to scarring if they are not treated. The good news is that pustules are treatable. There are many over-the-counter and prescription treatments that can help to clear up pustules.
A papule is a small, raised, solid lesion less than 5 mm in diameter. They can be flesh-colored, pink, red, or purple and are often mistaken for pimples. Papules can be caused by various things, including infections, allergies, and inflammation.
A nodule is a small growth or lump that forms on the skin’s surface. Nodules can vary in size, ranging from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter. They may be smooth or rough and can be either firm or rubbery to the touch. Nodules can also be single or multiple and may occur anywhere on the body.
Nodules are commonly found on the face, neck, chest, and back. However, they can also form on the scalp, arms, legs, and other body areas. Nodules can be either superficial (just under the skin) or deep (under the skin and attached to the underlying tissue).
Nodules are usually slow-growing and painless. However, some nodules may grow quickly and cause pain or other symptoms.
Acne cysts are deep, painful pimples that can occur on the face, neck, chest, back, or shoulders. Cysts are large, pus-filled pimples similar to nodules but much softer and tend to be filled with pus. Cysts can be very painful, and they often leave scars.
Acne cysts are caused by a build-up of oil, dead skin cells, and pore bacteria. When the pores become blocked, the oil and bacteria can become trapped, leading to inflammation and cyst formation. Cysts are more likely to occur in people with severe acne.
There are different types of acne, each with its causes and treatments. Acne can be a minor annoyance or a severe condition, so you must know which type to treat it effectively. Most of the time, minor cases of acne can effectively be addressed with the right cleanser and face cream. In other cases, professional treatment may be necessary.
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